A BRIEF HISTORY OF COMILLA VICTORIA GOVERNMENT COLLEGE
In the expansion of education Comilla Victoria College is a legend of this age. The institution is one of the most famous and oldest institutions of undivided India. As soon as one enters through the main gate of the Higher Secondary Section he can meet the marble figure of Roy Bahadur Ananda Chandra Roy, the dedicator of this renowned institution. Following word are engraved at the bottom of the sculpture :
‘‘ In loving memory of Roy Bahadur Ananda Chandra Roy who founded Comilla Victoria College in 1899 ”
Roy Bahadur Anandra Chandra Roy, Landlord of British Period, had established the college on 24 September 1899. Queen Victoria was the Empress of India from 1876 to 1901. At that time, Comilla was also under the rule of the empire hence the college was named as “Comilla Victoria College.”Since the inception of establishment Comilla Victoria College has gone through various changes and developments and has formed finally into a government educational institution of higher secondary under graduate and Post graduate level. It is under the direct supervision of the Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education under the Ministry of Education of Bangladesh Government.
Sattendranath Boshu was the first principal of the college. He was the headmaster of former Comilla Victoria School. He remained the principal of the college till his death. He was a scholar as well as a researcher of literature. He was also a professor of English and was awarded Rabindranath Prize for his outstanding contribution to literature.
Before the division of Indian sub-continent Comilla Victoria Govt. College was one of the best affiliated college of Calcutta University. The administration of this college came under the authority of Dhaka University after the division of 1947. The college opened E.A Standard (First Arts – First year) at the very beginning. I.A Standard was started within a short period. I.Sc standard was approved in 1924. There were Honours courses an English, Mathematics, Sanskrit, Politics, Economics and Arabic from 1925 till the beginning of 1947.
In 1942 the B.S.C course was first introduced in this college. B.com course was started in 1956-57 session. In 1962-63 the college became divided into two sections. The degree section was established at a pleasant area named Dharmapur about 3 km west from the main college i e. Higher Secondary Section of the Ranir Digihir Par, adjacent to Kandirpar, the heart of Comilla town. With the approval of Dhaka University the Honours courses on Bengali and Economics were started after a year in 1963-64 session.
After liberation in 1971-72 session Honours courses on five more subjects were introduced in this college in 1971-72, Physics, Chemistry, Accounting and Management. Masters first part on Bengali and Economics was opend in 1973-74 session. There has been ICMA course since 1982.
There was a night shift in this college from 1958 to 1968. On May, 1968 Comilla Victoria College became nationalized through an act between the college authority and the then provincial Government.
The people of Comilla had a long cherished desire to establish Comilla University. Victoria Government College had been fulfilling this public demand till the establishment of University. It is still providing this necessary of higher education for a large population of this area even after the establishment of Comilla University.
In 1984-85 the Masters 1st part on Economics, Chemistry, Accounting and Management were introduced in Victoria Govt. College. In 1992 Honours courses on 9 more subjects were introduced in this institution. Now there are honours on 18 subjects and masters first and final part are running. Thus the long cherished dream comes true.
The institution is not only importing education but also has influenced largely the educational, moral, social, cultural and political environment of the vast area of Comilla for more than hundred years. It is still enriching these sectors. In every sector of literature, history and culture and in expansion of learning and knowledge the contribution of Comilla Victoria College is praise worthy. Simultaneously the institution had an active role in every revolution in the political history of Bangladesh. This century old distinguished institution participated in language movement in 1952, in mass movement in 1969 and in the liberation war in 1971 and created its own history successfully. Many students of Victoria College sacrificed their lives and became martyred. The college has given birth many poets, authors, educationalists, artists, journalists, politicians, engineers and doctors.
In 21 February 1926 Nobel laurite Robindronath Tagore visited the college and glorified it by his presence. Our national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam composed many of his poems sitting by the side of soroshi at the college premses. Sitting by the side of Soroshi Kazi Nazrul Islam, our national poet, composed many of his famous poem at the college premises. Many learned and worthy men of letters were the Principal of this college. In October 1983 the old Victorians Organization was formed by the former students of this college. They built “Sadhinota Soudh” the white marble memorial on the west side of Rani Dighi in memory of martyr of 1971.
The Higher Secondary section and the Degree Section are located in two different campus but they are controlled/directed by a single administration.